Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
Original Article

Effect of thermocycling on surface roughness of soft denture liners

Efeito da termociclagem sobre a rugosidade de reembasadores resilientes

Mendes, Bruna; Urban, Vanessa Migliorini; Campanha, Nara Hellen; Jorge, Janaina Habib

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Purpose: This study evaluated the effect of storage in water and thermocycling on roughness of reline materials. Material and method: Four reline materials (Ufi-gel P, Dentuflex, Trusoft and Dentusoft) were selected. The materials were prepared according to the manufacturers’ instructions and were placed in stainless steel moulds (20 mm in diameter and 5 mm thick). Five samples of each resin were made (n = 5) and roughness (Ra) analyses according to the following experimental conditions: GC (control group): immediately after specimen preparation; GA: after storage in distilled water at 37 °C for 24 hours; GT: after thermocycling. Data were submitted to 2-way ANOVA followed by Tukey’s test (α = 0.05). Result: Ufigel P resin had smaller surface roughness values (p = 0.000368) than the other ones. The initial period of evaluation (GC) and storage in water (GA) did not change roughness of the tested materials (p > 0.05). There was a significant increase in roughness after thermocycling only for Dentusoft (p = 0.000368). Conclusion: Thermocycling increased the roughness of the Dentusoft, with no change to the other materials.


Acrylic resin, reline, roughness, thermal cycling


Objetivo: Este estudo buscou avaliar o efeito do armazenamento em água e da termociclagem sobre a rugosidade de reembasadores resilientes. Material e método: Quatro reembasadores resilientes (Ufi-gel P, Dentuflex, Trusoft e Dentusoft) foram selecionados. Os materiais foram preparados de acordo com as instruções dos fabricantes e colocados em matrizes vazadas com 20 mm de diâmetro e 5 mm de espessura. Cinco corpos de prova de cada resina foram fabricados e a rugosidade superficial (Ra) foi avaliada de acordo com os seguintes grupos experimentais: GC (grupo controle): imediatamente após a confecção das amostras; GA: após armazenamento em água destilada a 37 °C por 24 horas; GT: após termociclagem. Os resultados foram submetidos à análise de variância de dois fatores, seguida do teste de Tukey (α = 0,05). Resultado: A resina Ufigel P apresentou menores valores de rugosidade (p = 0,000368) em relação aos outros materiais. No período inicial de avaliação (GC) e após 24 horas de armazenamento em água (GA), não houve alteração da rugosidade para todos os materiais testados (p > 0,05). Após a termociclagem, houve aumento significativo da rugosidade apenas para o reembasador Dentusoft (p = 0,000368). Conclusão: A ciclagem térmica aumentou os valores de rugosidade para a resina Dentusoft, não havendo qualquer alteração para os demais materiais.


Resina acrílica, reembasadores, rugosidade, termociclagem


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