Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
https://revodontolunesp.com.br/article/doi/10.1590/rou.2014.052
Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
Original Article

Impact of dental fluorosis on the quality of life of children and adolescents

Impacto da fluorose dentária na qualidade de vida de crianças e adolescentes

Lima, Laynna Marina S.; Dantas-Neta, Neusa Barros; Moura, Werttey da Silva; Moura, Marcoeli Silva de; Mantesso, Andrea; Moura, Lúcia de Fátima Almeida de Deus; Lima, Marina de Deus Moura de

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Abstract

Introduction: Dental fluorosis is a disturbance of high prevalence caused by the ingestion of fluoride ions present mainly in toothpaste. Preventive measures to avoid it are still controversial. Thus, knowing the impact that fluorosis can cause on the population’s quality of life it is important for planning public health policies. Objective: To evaluate the impact of dental fluorosis on the quality of life of children and adolescents. Material and method: We studied 300 subjects aged 8 to 12 years divided into 4 groups: children (8-10 years) and adolescents (10 to 12 years) with and without fluorosis. The diagnosis of fluorosis was performed according to the index Thylstrup and Fejerskov and quality of life was evaluated using Child Perceptions Questionnaire 8-10 and 11-14. The socio-demographic characteristics of the patients were also evaluated. For inclusion in the sample, selected patients should present eight permanent incisors with crowns fully erupted. Patients who had extensive restorations, fractured teeth, other dental enamel defects and who wore braces were excluded. Result: Fluorosis was present in 64.7% of the patients analyzed and in most cases (80.3%) was mild or very mild. In children, the average overall score of the questionnaire was 15.9 for the group without fluorosis and 18.3 for the group with fluorosis (p = 0.255). The teenagers’ score in the group without fluorosis was 26.1, while the group with fluorosis was 22.7 (p = 0.104). Conclusion: Dental fluorosis caused impact on the quality of life of the population analyzed only in the functional domain.

Keywords

Dental fluorosis, quality of life, perception.

Resumo

Introdução: A fluorose dentária é um distúrbio de alta prevalência decorrente da ingestão de íons fluoretos. Medidas preventivas para evitá-la ainda são controversas. Assim, conhecer o impacto que a fluorose pode causar na qualidade de vida de indivíduos é importante para o planejamento de políticas públicas de saúde. Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto da fluorose dentária sobre a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal (QVRSB) de crianças e adolescentes. Material e método: Foram avaliados 300 indivíduos na faixa etária de 8 a12 anos. O diagnóstico de fluorose foi realizado segundo o índice Thylstrup e Fejerskov e a qualidade de vida foi avaliada utilizando os questionários de Percepção da Criança 8-10 e 11-14. Foram incluídos pacientes com oito incisivos permanentes com coroas totalmente irrompidase excluídos os que apresentavam restaurações extensas, dentes fraturados, outros defeitos do esmalte dentário e os que usavam aparelho ortodôntico fixo. Os dados foram analisados no programa SPSS (versão 18; Chicago, IL) e realizaram-se os teste Qui-quadrado, Fisher e Mann-Whitney. Foram considerados significantes valores de p<0,05. Resultado: A prevalência de fluorose foi 64,7%, sendo os graus leve e muito leve responsáveis por 80,3% dos casos. Crianças e adolescentes não tiveram impacto na QVRSB no escore geral e domínios sintomas orais, bem-estar emocional e social (p>0,05). Entretanto, apresentaram impacto no domínio limitação funcional (p = 0,039 e 0,013) para crianças e adolescentes respectivamente). Conclusão: Foi observada associação entre fluorose e qualidade de vida apenas no domínio funcional.

Palavras-chave

Fluorose dentária, qualidade de vida, percepção.

References

 


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