Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
https://revodontolunesp.com.br/article/doi/10.1590/S1807-25772013000200010
Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
Original Article

Investigation of the Epstein-Barr virus in patients with chronic periodontitis

Investigação do vírus Epstein-Barr em pacientes com Periodontite Crônica

Farias, Cleysiane Gonçalves; Vinagre, Nicole Patrícia de Lima; Amanajás, Thalita de Almeida; Laurentino, Rogério Valois; Machado, Luiz Fernando Almeida; Amoras-Alves, Ana Claudia Braga

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Abstract

In recent years, a growing number of studies have suggested the participation of the herpes virus in periodontal disease. Objective: this study investigates the relationship between the presence of the Epstein-Barr herpes virus and periodontal infection in patients with chronic periodontitis. Methodology: subgingival biofilm samples were collected of subgingival sites with probing depths of 4 mm to 6 mm, and ≥ 7 of 28 patients with chronic periodontitis. The control group consisted of 16 healthy subjects without clinical evidence of chronic periodontitis. Additionally, clinical parameters of probing depth, attachment level and Bleeding index were recorded. Result: the results showed averages of 2 mm probing depth, 1, 7 mm attachment level and 0.3 % bleeding on probing. Investigation of the herpes virus in the subgingival biofilm of the groups was performed using polymerase chain reaction with species-specific primer. Results of viral analysis indicated the absence of EBV in all subgingival samples analyzed. Conclusion: these results found no relationship between the presence of the Epstein-Barr herpes virus and chronic periodontitis.

Keywords

Chronic periodontitis, viruses, herpesvirus 4, human, ethiology.

Resumo

Nos últimos anos, um número crescente de estudos sugere a participação dos herpesvírus na doença periodontal. Objetivo: Este trabalho investiga a relação entre a presença do herpesvírus Epstein-Barr (EBV) e a infecção periodontal em pacientes com periodontite crônica. Metodologia: Foram coletadas amostras de biofilme subgengival de sítios com profundidades de sondagem de 4 a 6 mm e ≥ 7 mm, de 28 pacientes com periodontite crônica. Como controles, foram incluídos 16 indivíduos, sistemicamente saudáveis e sem doença periodontal. Adicionalmente, parâmetros clínicos de profundidade de sondagem (PS), nível clínico de inserção (NCI) e índice de sangramento à sondagem (SS) foram registrados. Resultado: Os resultados demonstraram médias de 2,7 mm PS, 1,7 mm NCI e 0,3% dos sítios apresentaram SS. A investigação do EBV no biofilme subgengival dos grupos foi realizada por meio da reação em cadeia da polimerase com primer espécie-específico. Os resultados da análise viral indicaram ausência de EBV em todas as amostras subgengivais analisadas. Conclusão: A partir destes resultados, não foi encontrada relação entre a presença do herpesvírus Epstein-Barr e a periodontite crônica.

Palavras-chave

Periodontite crônica, vírus, herpesvírus humano 4, etiologia.

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