Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
https://revodontolunesp.com.br/article/doi/10.1590/1807-2577.14418
Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
Original Article

Efeitos do laser de diodo de alta potência e da fotobiomodulação em dentes de ratos reimplantados tardiamente

Effects of high power diode laser and photobiomodulation therapy prior delayed replantation in rats

Flávia de Moura PEREIRA; Adriana Aparecida de SOUZA; Erica dos Santos CARVALHO; Isabel MELLO; Denise Pontes RALDI

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Resumo

Resumo: Introdução: A busca por protocolos efetivos para reduzir a incidência de reabsorções radiculares e favorecer a reparação do ligamento periodontal perdido ainda representa um grande desafio, tendo em vista o prognóstico desfavorável dos reimplantes dentais tardios.

Objetivo: Avaliar, por meio da análise histológica, os efeitos do laser de alta potência e da fotobiomodulação na ocorrência de reabsorção radicular e no reparo periodontal, em dentes reimplantados tardiamente.

Material e método: Foram utilizados 50 incisivos centrais direitos de ratos Wistar. Após a extração, os espécimes foram divididos em cinco grupos (n = 10): G1 (controle positivo): reimplante imediato; G2 (controle negativo): reimplante tardio (RT): espécimes mantidos em ambiente seco por 60 minutos, sem tratamento adicional; G3: RT associado ao tratamento da superfície radicular com laser diodo de alta potência (810 nm, 1.5 W); G4: RT + superfícies radiculares e feridas alveolares tratadas com fotobiomodulação (laser diodo 660 nm, 30 mW e 780 nm, 40 mW, respectivamente); G5: RT + superfícies radiculares irradiadas com laser de alta e alvéolos com fotobiomodulação, nos mesmos parâmetros que G3 e G4, respectivamente. Após 60 dias, os animais foram eutanasiados. Os espécimes foram processados para análise histológica.

Resultado: G3 e G5 apresentaram as menores médias de scores com relação à ocorrência de reabsorções radiculares e anquilose, quando comparados a G2 e G4 (Teste Kruskall-Wallis, p<0,05). Com relação ao reparo periodontal, todos os grupos experimentais (G3, G4 e G5) apresentaram médias de escores inferiores (Teste Kruskall-Wallis, p<0,05) comparadas ao G1 e semelhantes ao G2 (Teste Kruskall-Wallis, p>0,05).

Conclusão: O laser de alta potência, associado ou não à fotobiomodulação, diminuiu a ocorrência das reabsorções radiculares e da anquilose, e a fotobiomodulação não favoreceu o controle das reabsorções radiculares nem o reparo periodontal.

Palavras-chave

Avulsão dentária, lasers, reabsorção da raiz, reimplante dentário

Abstract

Abstract: Introduction: The search for effective protocols for a lower incidence of root resorptions reduction and for a favor periodontal repair still represents a great challenge, considering the unfavorable prognostic of the delayed replanted tooth.

Objective: To evaluate by histologic analyses the effects of high power diode laser and photobiomodulation on the occurrence of root resorption and on the tissue repair of delayed replanted teeth.

Material and method: Fifty right central incisors of Wistar rats were used. After the extraction, the specimens were assigned to 5 groups (n=10): G1 and G2 were the control groups-with no treatment and they were respectively submitted to immediate and delayed replantation (DR- 60 minutes after the extraction). The other three groups received tissue repair treatment prior the DR: G3 - root surfaces were irradiated with high power laser (810 nm, 1.5 W); G4- root surfaces and the alveolar wounds were irradiated with low power laser (photobiomodulation), respectively with 660 nm, 90 mW and 780 nm, 40 mW; G5- root surfaces were irradiated with high power and the alveolar wound received photobiomodulation with the same parameters used in G3 and G4. After 60 days the animals were euthanized. The specimens were processed for histological analyses.

Result: The histologic analysis showed lower means values of scores of root reabsorptions and ankylosis in G3 and G5 when compared to G2 and G4 (Kruskall-Wallis test, p>0.05). Regarding the periodontal repair, all the experimental groups (G3, G4 and G5) presented lower means values of scores than G1 (Kruskall-Wallis test, p <0.05) and similar values to G2 (Kruskall-Wallis test, p>0.0.5).

Conclusion: High power laser reduced the occurrence of root resorption and photobiomodulation did not enhance the tissue healing process in delayed tooth replantation in rats.
 

Keywords

Tooth avulsion, lasers, root resorption, tooth replantation

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