Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
https://revodontolunesp.com.br/article/doi/10.1590/1807-2577.1005
Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
Original Article

Estudo da ação antibacteriana do extrato hidroalcoólico de própolis vermelha sobre Enterococcus faecalis

Study of antibacterial action of hydroalcoholic extract of propolis red on Enterococcus faecalis

Siqueira, Anderson Lessa; Dantas, Camila Gomes; Gomes, Margarete Zanardo; Padilha, Francine Ferreira; Albuquerque Junior, Ricardo Luiz C. de; Cardoso, Juliana Cordeiro

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Resumo

Introdução: A própolis é uma substância resinosa e complexa; produzida pelas abelhas, destaca-se por suas propriedades terapêuticas, como atividade antimicrobiana, anti-inflamatória e cicatrizante. Poucos trabalhos existem sobre a variedade de própolis vermelha, encontrada no Estado de Sergipe. Objetivo: Avaliar a ação antimicrobiana do extrato de própolis vermelha, coletada na região nordeste do Estado de Sergipe, contra cepas de Enterococcus faecalis. Material e método: As amostras de própolis vermelha foram coletadas em Brejo Grande- SE, Brasil, e identificadas segundo suas características sensoriais, a granulometria e requisitos físico-químicos. O teor de flavonoides no extrato seco foi determinado. Soluções de própolis vermelha (EEP) foram preparadas nas concentrações de 1%; 2,5%; 5% e 7,5%. A cepa bacteriana de referência utilizada foi Enterococcus faecalis – ATCC 29212. A atividade antibacteriana foi verificada por meio de testes in vitro (teste de difusão em disco e determinação da concentração bactericida mínima – CBM) e ex vivo (utilizando dentes humanos extraídos). No teste ex vivo, os dentes contaminados foram divididos em três grupos com dez dentes cada. O grupo 1 foi tratado com própolis a 7,5% (concentração determinada no teste CBM); o grupo 2 foi tratado como controle positivo, com solução de hipoclorito de sódio a 2,5%, e o grupo 3 foi utilizado como controle negativo, sendo tratado apenas com solução salina NaCl 0,9%. Resultado: O extrato de própolis promoveu halo de inibição comparado ao da solução de hipoclorito de sódio a 2,5%, variando entre 12 e 16 mm. Não houve crescimento bacteriano após irrigação do conduto radicular com a solução de EEP a 7,5%. Conclusão: A própolis coletada apresentou médio teor de flavonoides (1,8%) e características físico-químicas coerentes com as exigidas pelo Ministério da Agricultura. Na concentração de 7,5% de própolis vermelha, foi observado um maior potencial antibacteriano quando comparado aos demais grupos.

Palavras-chave

Própolis, bactérias, Enterococcus faecalis.

Abstract

Introduction: Propolis is a complex resinous substance produced by bees that has therapeutic properties, such as antimicrobial activity, anti-inflammatory, healing. Few studies exist on the red variety of propolis, found in the state of Sergipe. Objective: Evaluation of the antimicrobial action of the extract of propolis red collected in the northeastern state of Sergipe, against strains of Enterococcus faecalis. Material and method: The red propolis samples were collected in Brejo Grande/SE - Brazil and identified according to their sensory characteristics, granulometry and physical chemical requirements. The content of flavonoids in dried extract was determined. Solutions of red propolis (EEP) were prepared at concentrations of 1%; 2.5%; 5% and 7.5%. The bacterial strain used was Enterococcus faecalis – ATCC 29212. The antibacterial activity was verified by in vitro tests (disk diffusion test and determination of minimum bactericidal concentration - CBM) and ex vivo (using human extracted teeth). The test, ex vivo contaminated teeth were divided into three groups with 10 teeth each. Group 1 was treated with propolis to 7.5% (concentration determined in CBM test), the Group 2 was treated as positive control with sodium hypochlorite solution 2.5% and Group 3 was used as a negative control and was treated only with sterile saline. Result: The extract of propolis promoted inhibition zone compared to results from solution of sodium hypochlorite to 2.5%, showing values between 12 and 16 mm. There was no bacterial growth after root conduct irrigation with EEP to 7.5%. Conclusion: Propolis collected showed medium content of flavonoids (1.8%) and physical chemical characteristics consistent to those required by the Brazilian Government. At 7.5% of propolis extract, we observed a higher antibacterial potential than others groups.

Keywords

Propolis, bacteria, Enterococcus faecalis

References

 


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