Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
https://revodontolunesp.com.br/article/doi/10.1590/1807-2577.05121
Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
Original Article

Prevalence of non-carious cervical lesions and cervical dentinary hypersensitivity in undergraduate students

Prevalência de lesão cervical não cariosa e hipersensibilidade dentinária cervical em estudantes de um curso de graduação

João Victor Dias CRISÓSTOMO; Bruna Oliveira BEZERRA; Mariana Garcia da Ponte MELO; Polyanna Maria ROCHA-NOVAIS; Maria Denise Rodrigues de MORAES

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Abstract

Abstract: Introduction: The non-carious cervical lesion (NCCL) is currently a common oral disease.

Objective: This observational and descriptive study aimed to assess risk factors associated with non-carious cervical lesions, cervical dentin hypersensitivity (CDH), gingival recession (GR) and the relationship between these conditions in students in the last years of undergraduate dentistry.

Material and method: One hundred eighty-five dentistry students from a private college in Ceará with an average of 22.7 ± 2.3 years participated by filling out a google docs form. Two calibrated examiners performed the exams to verify the presence of NCCL, CDH and RG.

Result: The presence of NCCL was 22.7%, GR was 48.1% and cervical dentin hypersensitivity 8.6%. The chi-square test with p < 0.05% verified a correlation between the presence of NCCL and the presence of GR and CDH. 25% of students had NCCL and 14% considered themselves stressed. There was no association between the variables bruxism and stress (p=0.529), bruxism and year of graduation course (p=0.716), as well as no association between stress and year of course (p = 0.397) was observed. There were no correlations between NCCL and bruxism, muscle symptoms, parafunctional habits and temporomandibular dysfunction. 10.8% of students who reported using legal and illegal drugs had NCCL.

Conclusion: The NCCL, GR and CDH were correlated in the group of students in the last two years of an undergraduate dentistry course in Ceará.

Keywords

Excessive dental friction, dental abrasion, tooth erosion

Resumo

Resumo: Introdução: A lesão cervical não cariosa (LCNC) é uma doença bucal incidente na atualidade.

Objetivo: realizar um estudo observacional e descritivo para avaliar fatores de risco associados às lesões cervicais não cariosas, hipersensibilidade dentinária cervical (HDC), recessão gengival (RG) e a relação entre essas condições em estudantes nos últimos anos de graduação em odontologia.

Material e método: participaram 185 estudantes de odontologia do Ceará com média de 22,7 ± 2,3 anos de idade. Preencheram um formulário do google docs e dois examinadores calibrados realizaram os exames para verificar a presença de LCNC, HDC e RG.

Resultado: A presença de LCNC foi de 22,7%, a de RG foi de 48,1% e de hipersensibilidade dentinária cervical de 8,6%. O teste qui-quadrado com p < 0,05%, verificou correlação entre a presença de LCNC e a presença de recessão gengival e hipersensibilidade dentinária. Nos alunos do último ano, 25% apresentaram LCNC, dos quais 14% consideravam-se estressados. Não houve associação entre as variáveis bruxismo e estresse (p=0,529), bruxismo e ano do curso da graduação (p=0,716), bem como não foi observada associação de estresse e ano do curso (p = 0,397). Não houve correlação da LCNC e bruxismo, sintomatologia muscular, hábitos parafuncionais e disfunção temporo-mandibular (DTM). Dos alunos que relataram utilizar drogas lícitas e ilícitas, 10,8% apresentaram LCNC.

Conclusão: A LCNC, RG e HD apresentaram correlação no grupo de estudantes dos dois últimos anos de um curso de graduação em odontologia do Ceará.
 

Palavras-chave

Atrito dentário excessivo, abrasão dentária, erosão dentária

References

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