Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
https://revodontolunesp.com.br/article/doi/10.1590/1807-2577.03921
Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
Original Article

Periodontitis and identification of undiagnosed hyperglycemia

Periodontite e identificação da hiperglicemia não diagnosticada

Larissa Oliveira MATOS; Ariely Barbosa FREITAS; Cleverton Correa RABELO; Ana Emília Farias PONTES; Fernanda Oliveira Bello CORREA

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Abstract

Abstract: Introduction: Individuals with pre-diabetes have altered glycemic levels, are generally asymptomatic, and are at increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Objective: Identify the prevalence of periodontal individuals with undiagnosed hyperglycemia and associated impact factors.

Material and method: Fifty-six patients with periodontitis and without diabetes self-report, users of dental clinic services at Federal University of Juiz de Fora were included in this research, during one year and a half of experimental evaluation. Socioeconomic and demographic data, anthropometric patterns, fasting capillary blood glucose, and complete periodontal examination (six sites per tooth) were evaluated.

Result: The sample consisted of 58.9% female, mean age 53 years old, 58.9% obese/overweight and 45.3% had a low level of education. A total of 28.6% (n=16) participants had undiagnosed hyperglycemia (between 100 to 160 mm / dL), of which 81.3% were obese/overweight, 25% were smokers, 56.3% reported having a history of diabetes in the family, 93.8% had a family income up to 2 brazilian´s minimum wages. BMI values ​​were higher in the group of patients with hyperglycemia (29.8 ± 5.7, p = 0.03) compared to the group without hyperglycemia (26.6 ± 5.6). Patients with hyperglycemia had a greater number of sites with clinical attachment loss (CAL) between 4 and 6 mm (p = 0.04) when compared with the normoglycemic group.

Conclusion: Undiagnosed CAL attachment loss between 4 and 6 mm due to periodontitis than normoglycemic individuals.

Keywords

Hyperglycemia, prediabetic state, diabetes mellitus, periodontitis, risk factors

Resumo

Resumo: Introdução: Indivíduos com pré-diabetes apresentam níveis glicêmicos alterados, geralmente são assintomáticos e apresentam risco aumentado para desenvolver diabetes mellitus tipo 2.

Objetivo: Identificar a prevalência de indivíduos periodontais com hiperglicemia não diagnosticada e os fatores de impacto associados.

Material e método: Cinquenta e seis pacientes com periodontite e sem autorrelato de diabetes, usuários de serviços de clínica odontológica da Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora foram incluídos nesta pesquisa, durante um ano e meio de avaliação experimental. Foram avaliados dados socioeconômicos e demográficos, padrões antropométricos, glicemia capilar de jejum e exame periodontal completo (seis sítios por dente).

Resultado: A amostra foi composta por 58,9% do sexo feminino, média de idade de 53 anos, 58,9% obesidade / sobrepeso e 45,3% com baixa escolaridade. Um total de 28,6% (n=16) participantes tinham hiperglicemia não diagnosticada (entre 100 a 160 mm / dL), dos quais 81,3% eram obesos / com sobrepeso, 25% eram fumantes, 56,3% relataram ter histórico de diabetes na família, 93,8% tinham renda familiar de até 2 salários mínimos brasileiros. Os valores de IMC foram maiores no grupo de pacientes com hiperglicemia (29,8 ± 5,7, p = 0,03) em comparação ao grupo sem hiperglicemia (26,6 ± 5,6). Pacientes com hiperglicemia apresentaram maior número de sítios com perda clínica de inserção (CAL) entre 4 e 6 mm (p = 0,04) quando comparados ao grupo normoglicêmico.

Conclusão: A perda de inserção de CAL não diagnosticada entre 4 e 6 mm devido à periodontite do que indivíduos normoglicêmicos.
 

Palavras-chave

Hiperglicemia, estado pré-diabético, diabetes mellitus, periodontite, fatores de risco

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Submitted date:
08/03/2021

Accepted date:
09/16/2021

61605463a95395037b3f44e4 rou Articles
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