Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
https://revodontolunesp.com.br/article/doi/10.1590/1807-2577.01221
Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
Original Article

Epidemiological profile of patients with disabilities undergoing dental treatment under general anesthesia

Perfil epidemiológico de pacientes com deficiência submetidos a tratamento odontológico sob anestesia geral

Cyntia Paula Oliveira de Souza LIMA; Graziane Ribeiro COUTO; Alina Lúcia de Oliveira BARROS; Gabriela Mancia de GUTIERREZ; Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues SANTOS

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Abstract

Abstract: Introduction: General anesthesia is commonly used in the dental treatment of people with disabilities, anxious or difficult behavior, who need complex and/or extensive treatments.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiological profile of patients with disabilities undergoing dental treatment under general anesthesia by the team of the Dental Unit for Patients with Special Needs of the Federal University of Sergipe.

Material and method: Through the analysis of 371 dental records of patients assisted between August 2002 and March 2019.

Result: The analysis showed that 56.1% of patients were male, the most prevalent age group was 11-20 years, and the most frequent medical conditions were intellectual disability, followed by multiple disabilities. Relative to dental procedures, in 94.1% of the patients, it was observed that 4,056 dental extractions were performed and in 52.3% of patients, 1,156 restorations were performed. In 30.2% of patients, total multiple extractions were performed. Radiographic examination was performed in 51.8% of patients. As regards the origin of patients, 58.8% were from municipalities in the state, other than the capital. Return to the service for follow-up and prevention was observed in 38.5% of patients.

Conclusion: There is great need for early dental intervention, with specific preventive actions for this group of patients, focusing on those from interior regions of the state.

Keywords

Anesthesia general, disabled persons, dental care for disabled, oral surgery

Resumo

Resumo: Introdução: A anestesia geral é comumente utilizada no tratamento odontológico de pessoas com deficiência, ansiosos ou com difícil comportamento, que necessitem de tratamentos complexos e/ou extensos.

Objetivo: Avaliar o perfil epidemiológico da pessoa com deficiência submetida a tratamento odontológico sob anestesia geral pela equipe da Unidade de Odontologia para Pacientes com Necessidades Especiais da Universidade Federal de Sergipe.

Material e método: Através da análise de 371 prontuários de pacientes assistidos entre agosto de 2002 e março de 2019.

Resultado: Observou-se que 56,1% dos pacientes eram do sexo masculino, que a faixa etária mais prevalente foi de 11-20 anos de idade e que as condições médicas mais frequentes foram a deficiência intelectual, seguida pelas múltiplas deficiências. Quanto aos procedimentos odontológicos, observou-se que em 94,1% dos pacientes foram realizadas 4.056 extrações dentárias e em 52,3% dos pacientes 1.156 restaurações. Em 30,2% dos pacientes foram realizadas extrações múltiplas totais. O exame radiográfico foi realizado em 51,8% dos pacientes. Em relação a procedência dos pacientes, 58,8% eram provenientes de outros municípios do estado, distinto da capital. Os retornos ao serviço para acompanhamento e prevenção foi observado em 38,5% dos pacientes.

Conclusão: Há uma grande necessidade de intervenção precoce da odontologia, com ações preventivas específicas para esse grupo de pacientes, com enfoque no interior do estado de Sergipe.
 

Palavras-chave

Anestesia geral, pessoas com deficiência, assistência odontológica para pessoas com deficiências, cirurgia bucal

References

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Submitted date:
03/06/2021

Accepted date:
09/17/2021

617835f7a9539571cc4c4e03 rou Articles
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