Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
https://revodontolunesp.com.br/article/doi/10.1590/1807-2577.00423
Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
Original Article

Periodontal disease and quality of life in patients with circulatory diseases

Doença periodontal e qualidade de vida em pacientes com doenças circulatórias

Luana TAQUES; Lourdes Zeballos LÓPEZ; Lauro TAQUES NETO; Guilherme ARCARO; Erildo Vicente MULLER; Fabio André dos SANTOS; Marcia Thaís POCHAPSKI

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Abstract

Introduction: Circulatory system diseases are one of the leading causes of death. Periodontal health is a component of oral and general health that contributes to quality of life.

Objective: To analyze periodontal conditions and quality of life in patients with circulatory diseases.

Material and method: Cross-sectional study, with patients with circulatory diseases (n=125). The clinical periodontal examination was performed considering: biofilm, bleeding on probing, suppuration, probing depth, gingival recession, and clinical attachment level. Quality of life was assessed with the Medical Outcomes Study 36 – Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) and Oral Health Impact Profile – short form (OHIP-14). Data were analyzed with parametric and nonparametric tests (α=5%).

Result: Elderly and men had a greater severity of periodontal disease. The Elderly had lower values in the domains of "Functional capacity" and "Physical aspects" (SF-36). The domain "Pain" had lower values in subjects with health/gingivitis. OHIP-14 did not show differences in the comparisons. There was no correlation between quality of life and the severity of periodontal disease.

Conclusion: Among patients with circulatory diseases, the elderly and men had greater severity of periodontal disease. The elderly had a poorer quality of life (functional capacity and physical aspects). There was no correlation between the severity of periodontal disease and quality of life.

Keywords

Cardiovascular system, cardiovascular disease, oral health, periodontal diseases, quality of life

Resumo

Introdução: As doenças do aparelho circulatório representam uma das principais causas de mortes. A saúde periodontal é um componente da saúde bucal e saúde geral que contribui para a qualidade de vida.

Objetivo: Analisar as condições periodontais e a qualidade de vida em pacientes com doenças circulatórias.

Material e método: Estudo transversal, com pacientes com doenças circulatórias (n=125). O exame clínico periodontal foi realizado considerando: biofilme, sangramento à sondagem, supuração, profundidade de sondagem, recessão gengival e nível de inserção clínica. A qualidade de vida foi avaliada com o Medical Outcomes Study 36 – Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) e Oral Health Impact Profile – short form (OHIP-14). Os dados foram analisados com testes paramétricos e não paramétricos (α=5%).

Resultado: Idosos e os homens tiveram maior severidade da doença periodontal. Idosos apresentaram menores valores nos domínios “Capacidade funcional” e “Aspectos físicos” (SF-36). O domínio “Dor” teve menor valor nos indivíduos com saúde/gengivite. OHIP-14 não apresentou diferenças nas comparações. Não houve correlação entre qualidade de vida a severidade da doença periodontal.

Conclusão: Entre os pacientes com doenças circulatórias, os idosos e os homens tiveram maior severidade da doença periodontal. Idosos tiveram pior qualidade de vida (capacidade funcional e aspectos físicos). Não houve correlação entre a severidade da doença periodontal e a qualidade de vida.
 

Palavras-chave

Sistema cardiovascular, doenças cardiovasculares, saúde bucal, doenças periodontais, qualidade de vida

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Submitted date:
01/16/2023

Accepted date:
05/17/2023

64e7c4f1a953957d63658532 rou Articles
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