Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
https://revodontolunesp.com.br/article/5880192d7f8c9d0a098b500a
Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
Original Article

Knowledge of physical education professionals regarding emergency treatment for avulsed permanent teeth

Conhecimento de profissionais de Educação Física frente ao tratamento emergencial de dentes permanentes avulsionados

Bruno, Kely Firmino; Souza, Bárbara Leite de; Oliveira, Danielle Alves de; Castro, Fabrício Luscino Alves de

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Abstract

The prognosis of traumatized teeth depends on how prone and proper emergency care is done. Physical Education professionals frequently are present in places where accidents occur, becoming the key of the success for such treatment. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the physical education professional’s knowledge about emergency treatment of avulsed permanent teeth. Material and method: Professionals working in gym academies in the city of Goiania - GO where the target population. A questionnaire accessed the profile of each subject evaluated as well their knowledge about emergency treatment of dental avulsion. Data was presented using descriptive statistics and the chi‑square test (α = 5%) was used to evaluate the relationship between the frequencies of post-graduated professionals who knew and who not knew how to proceed when facing tooth avulsion. Result: From the 94 respondents, most were male, aged 20 to 29 years, with professional experience within 1-5 years and with post‑graduation degree. Only 28.7% considered themselves prepared for the emergency treatment of dental avulsion. No association was found between post-graduation degree and tooth avulsion knowledge (p > 0.05). Sixty-nine point two percent of the post-graduated professionals were unaware about procedures necessary for tooth avulsion care and 48 1% of them would not perform the tooth replantation. Moreover, 37.0% of the analyzed sample did not know which solution should be used to store the avulsed tooth. Conclusion: The physical education professionals evaluated had insufficient knowledge about the emergency treatment of avulsed permanent teeth, thus being unable to perform the proper emergency care in this situation.

Keywords

Tooth avulsion, tooth replantation, knowledge.

Resumo

O prognóstico do dente traumatizado depende de pronto e apropriado atendimento de emergência, no qual os profissionais de Educação Física ocupam papel de destaque, uma vez que lidam com a prática esportiva diária e podem estar presentes nos locais em que esses acidentes ocorrem. Objetivo: Investigar o conhecimento de profissionais de Educação Física, atuantes em academias na cidade de Goiânia-GO, frente ao tratamento emergencial de dentes permanentes avulsionados. Material e método: Foi aplicado questionário sobre o perfil do público avaliado e o seu conhecimento sobre o tratamento emergencial da avulsão dentária. Os dados foram apresentados por meio de estatística descritiva e o teste Qui-quadrado (α = 5%) foi utilizado para avaliar a relação entre a frequência de profissionais com pós-graduação e se estes sabiam ou não como proceder frente à avulsão e ao reimplante dentários. Resultado: Dos 94 respondentes, sendo a maioria do gênero masculino, com idade entre 20 e 29 anos, com tempo de experiência profissional de 1 a 5 anos e pós-graduação na área de formação acadêmica, apenas 28,7% consideravam-se preparados para a realização do tratamento emergencial da avulsão dentária. Dentre os pós-graduados, não foi encontrada associação entre ter o título da pós-graduação e o nível de conhecimento dos mesmos (p > 0,05); segundo esse parâmetro, 69,2% desconheciam os procedimentos necessários para o atendimento de uma avulsão dentária, 48,1% não realizariam o reimplante nesta situação e 37,0% da amostra avaliada não sabia qual o meio de acondicionamento utilizaria para transporte do dente avulsionado. Conclusão: Os profissionais de Educação Física apresentaram conhecimento insuficiente sobre o tratamento emergencial de dentes permanentes avulsionados e mostraram-se inaptos para a realização de atendimento nesta situação.

Palavras-chave

Avulsão dentária, reimplante dentário, conhecimento.

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