Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
https://revodontolunesp.com.br/article/588018f47f8c9d0a098b4ede
Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
Original Article

Clinical features of the sleep bruxism and gastroesophageal reflux association deserve professional attention

Características clínicas da associação entre o bruxismo do sono e o refluxo gastroesofágico merecem atenção profissional

Fernandes, Giovana; Castanharo, Sabrina Maria; Franco, Ana Lúcia; Gonçalves, Daniela Aparecida de Godoi; Camparis, Cinara Maria

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Abstract

Introduction: Bruxism has been defined as an oral parafunctional activity that includes clenching and/or grinding the teeth while asleep or awake. In addition to sleep bruxism (SB), various other orofacial movements sporadically occur during sleep. Occasional regurgitation and heartburn due to gastroesophageal reflux (GER) are frequent in the general population. GER refers to the presence of symptoms that are secondary to the reflux of gastric content through the esophagus with or without signs of esophageal mucosal lesions. Dentists are often the first health care professionals to diagnose GER through observation of its oral manifestation. Objective: The aim of the present case reports was to discuss the diagnosis and clinical procedures followed in two patients with SB and GER, thereby contributing to the dissemination of knowledge about these two entities. We therefore recommend dentists to be alert to identifying the first signs of GER that appear in the oral cavity. Conclusion: At this point, we highlight the importance of treating the patient as a whole, in an endeavor to identify other sources of the problems that could contribute as factors aggravating these conditions. 

Keywords

Sleep bruxism, rhythmic masticatory muscle activity, gastroesophageal reflux, tooth wear.

Resumo

Introdução: Bruxismo tem sido definido como uma atividade parafuncional oral que consiste em apertar e/ou ranger os dentes durante o sono ou na vigília. Além do bruxismo do sono (BS), outros movimentos orofaciais também podem, esporadicamente, ocorrer durante o sono. A regurgitação ocasional e a queimação no peito devido ao refluxo gastroesofágico (RGE) são freqüentes sintomas relatados pela população em geral. A RGE refere-se à presença de sinais e sintomas secundários, com ou sem sinais de lesões na mucosa do esôfago. Os dentistas são, muitas vezes, os profissionais da saúde que primeiro diagnosticam o RGE por meio da observação de suas manifestações orais. Objetivo: Assim, o objetivo do presente artigo foi discutir os procedimentos clínicos e diagnósticos em dois pacientes com BS e RGE, contribuindo assim para a difusão do conhecimento sobre a interação dessas duas entidades. Recomenda-se aos dentistas estarem atentos para identificar os primeiros sinais de RGE que se manifestam na cavidade oral. Conclusão: Neste ponto, destaca-se a importância de tratar o paciente como um todo, esforçando-se para identificar outras fontes de problema que poderiam atuar como fatores agravantes destas condições.

Palavras-chave

Bruxismo do sono, atividade rítmica dos músculos mastigatórios, refluxo gastroesofágico, desgaste dos dentes

References



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