Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
https://revodontolunesp.com.br/article/588018f17f8c9d0a098b4ed1
Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
Original Article

Oral bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws: a case report 

Osteonecrose dos maxilares relacionada ao uso de bisfosfonatos orais: relato de caso

Ribeiro, Renato da Costa; Vitorino, Nauber de Souza; Freitas, Paulo Henrique Luiz de; Souza, Rodrigo Calado Nunes e

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Abstract

Bisphosphonates are a class of drugs characterized by being potent inhibitors of osteoclast-driven bone resorption, and are currently used for treatment of various conditions such as osteoporosis and metastatic lesions in bone.  There has been an increase in reports of a serious side effect of these drugs, the bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (BRONJ). We report on the case of a female patient who had been in use of oral alendronate for over 10 years due to osteoporosis. She presented to our outpatient clinics with painful exposure of bone intra-orally (hard palate and mandibular body). In this work, the pertinent literature is reviewed and the management of the condition is discussed

Keywords

Osteonecrosis, jaws, osteoporosis

Resumo

Os bisfosfonatos são uma classe de medicamentos caracterizados como potentes inibidores da reabsorção óssea conduzida por osteoclastos e têm sido empregados para o tratamento de diversas entidades patológicas que atingem o tecido ósseo, como osteoporose e metástases ósseas de tumores malignos. Porém, vem aumentando o número de publicações em relação a um efeito colateral destas drogas: a osteonecrose dos maxilares relacionada aos bisfosfonatos (OMARB). Este trabalho relata o caso de uma paciente que fazia uso de alendronato por via oral, por um período de aproximadamente dez anos, para tratamento de osteoporose. Na evolução do caso, verificou-se exposição óssea em região de palato duro e corpo de mandíbula, associada a quadro de dor. Foi conduzida uma revisão da literatura pertinente e o manejo da condição é discutido.

Palavras-chave

Osteonecrose, maxilares, osteoporose

References



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