Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
https://revodontolunesp.com.br/article/588018cb7f8c9d0a098b4e15
Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
Original Article

Impact of the use of adhesive strip over the quality of life of institutionalized patients and wearers of conventional complete denture

Impacto do uso de fita adesiva na qualidade de vida de pacientes institucionalizados e usuários de próteses totais convencionais

Zavanelli, Ricardo Alexandre; Magalhães, Jaqueline Barbosa; Guilherme, Adérico Santana; Melo, Luiz Gustavo Nascimento de; Cardoso, Leandro de Carvalho; Zavanelli, Adriana Cristina

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Abstract

Objective: Evaluate the impact of the use of strip adhesive over the quality of life of institutionalized patients and wearers of complete dentures. Material and method: Twenty-nine institutionalized patients wearers of complete denture were selected to this study and after a clinical exam, a questionnaire (adjusted and based upon the index of Oral Health Impact Profile and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life, OHIP and OHQOL) was applied to evaluate issues related to epidemiological conditions (gender and age), quality of life (pain, discomfort, functional limitations, phonetic, social, psychological and esthetic), taste and notion of implant treatment. Following this part, the patients received instruction to use the strips adhesives (Corega Fita Adesiva, Glaxo-Smith-Kline, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), considering three in maxillary prosthesis and two in the lower prosthesis during a period of 30 days. After this period, all the patients were recall and the questionnaire was reapplied; add some adhesive performance questions, to compare the results before and after the adhesive use in terms of percentage. Result: After the adhesive strips use there were improvement of the functional, social and physcological limitation aspects, but without percentual increasement of phonetic and esthetics aspects. The results showed 65.5% of the answers stating adhesive maintenance between 06-12 hours, easy removal (68.9%), and without change the taste (89.6%). The notion for implant treatment was decreased changing from 75.8 to 37.9% after the adhesive use. Conclusion: The results enhanced a positive impact over quality of life of the respondents after the strip adhesive use, showing decrease of pain and discomfort, mainly of inferior dental prosthesis.

Keywords

Dental prosthesis, complete denture, adhesives, quality of life

Resumo

Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto do uso de adesivos em formato de fita na qualidade de vida de pacientes institucionalizados e usuários de prótese total convencional. Material e método: Foram selecionados 29 pacientes portadores de próteses totais convencionais duplas e, após exame clínico, aplicou-se um questionário (adaptado e baseado nos índices “Oral Health Impact Profile” e “Oral Health Related Quality of Life”) para avaliar questões epidemiológicas (gênero e idade), qualidade de vida (dor, desconforto, limitação funcional, fonética, social, psicológica, e estética), paladar da prótese e anseio por tratamento com implantes. Em seguida, os pacientes receberam orientações para o uso de adesivos (Corega Fita Adesiva, GlaxoSmithKline, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil), sendo três na base protética maxilar e dois na base protética mandibular, durante um período de 30 dias. Decorrido esse período, o questionário foi reaplicado, acrescentando-se questões relativas ao desempenho do adesivo, para comparação antes e após o uso da fita adesiva em termos de percentagem. Resultado: Após o uso da fita, houve melhora dos aspectos de limitação funcional, social e psicológica, no entanto sem aumento dos percentuais fonéticos e estético. Os dados obtidos mostraram 65,5% das respostas afirmando que a adesividade foi mantida entre 06 e 12 horas, que os adesivos mostraram-se ser de fácil remoção (68,9%), além de não alterarem o paladar (89,6%). Houve diminuição pelo anseio de tratamento com implantes, passando de 75,8 para 37,9%, depois do uso do adesivo. Conclusão: Os resultados evidenciaram um impacto positivo na qualidade de vida dos respondentes após o uso da fita adesiva, evidenciando diminuição de dor e desconforto, principalmente das próteses totais inferiores.

Palavras-chave

Prótese dentária, prótese total, adesivos, qualidade de vida

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