Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
https://revodontolunesp.com.br/article/5880188f7f8c9d0a098b4cdd
Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
Original Article

Oral health-related impact on daily life in a sample of adults of Tubarao city, Santa Catarina, Brazil

Impacto das condições de saúde bucal na qualidade de vida de um grupo de adultos da cidade de Tubarão, Santa Catarina, Brasil

Lacerda, Josimari Telino de; Bona, Camila de; Tacca, Franciele; Traebert, Jefferson

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to estimate the impact of oral health conditions on the quality of life in relation to pain and discomfort, dental aesthetics and function limitation in a sample of adults of Tubarao city, Santa Catarina. A cross-sectional study involving 222 individuals who sought for treatment at the dental clinics of University of South Santa Catarina was performed. Dental aesthetics was normatively considered by the presence of cavities or missing teeth in the anterior lower and upper segments. Function limitation was represented by prosthetic need defined by a dentist. Pain and discomfort were represented by the patient’s report of orofacial pain and discomfort. Clinical data were collected according to WHO criteria. Oral health-related impact was assessed through the Oral Impact on Daily Performance Indicator. General oral health-related impact was referred by 67.1% of the sample. The frequency of physical impact was 60.8% and the psychosocial impact was 45.5%. The frequency of impact was 2.28 times greater among patients who reported orofacial pain if compared to those who did not report orofacial pain. In the physical performance it was 2.02 times greater and in the psychosocial performance it was 1.81 times greater. In this last performance, the impact was also 1.50 times greater among patients presenting missing or cavities in anterior teeth if compared to those who did not presented. It could be concluded that oral health conditions generated a significant impact on individuals’ quality of life.

Keywords

Orofacial pain, oral health, quality of life, social impact indicators.

Resumo

Objetivou-se estimar o impacto das condições de saúde bucal sobre a qualidade de vida em relação à dor e desconforto, estética dentária e limitação da função em uma amostra de adultos da cidade de Tubarão, Santa Catarina. Foi realizado um estudo transversal, envolvendo 222 indivíduos que procuraram tratamento nas clínicas odontológicas da Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina. A estética dentária foi determinada de forma normativa pela presença de cavidades de cárie nos dentes anteriores ou por sua falta. A limitação da função foi representada pela necessidade de prótese definida por um dentista. Os dados de dor e desconforto foram obtidos por meio de relato do paciente. Os dados clínicos foram obtidos de acordo com critérios da OMS. O impacto das condições bucais no desempenho diário foi mensurado pelo indicador Impacto Oral no Desempenho Diário. Os resultados mostraram que o impacto geral foi referido por 67,1% da amostra. A frequência do impacto no domínio físico foi 60,8% e no domínio psicossocial, 45,5%. A frequência do impacto geral foi 2,28 vezes maior entre aqueles que relataram dor orofacial se comparados àqueles que não relataram dor. No desempenho físico, o impacto foi 2,02 vezes maior e no desempenho psicossocial foi 1,81 vezes maior. Neste último desempenho, o impacto foi também 1,50 vezes maior entre os pacientes com a presença de cárie ou ausência de dentes anteriores se comparados com os que não apresentavam estas condições. Pode-se concluir que as condições de saúde bucal geraram impacto significativo sobre a qualidade de vida dos indivíduos.

Palavras-chave

Dor orofacial, indicadores de impacto social, qualidade de vida, saúde bucal.

References



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