Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
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Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
Original Article

Avaliação da necessidade de tratamento periodontal e índice de cárie radicular numa população de Anápolis - GO

Periodontal treatment needs and root caries index of a Anapolis - GO population

Moraes, L.C.; Mori, K.S.; Lima, A.A.; Stefani, C.M.

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Resumo

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a necessidade de tratamento periodontal e o Índice de Cárie Radicular (ICR) de pacientes dentados com 40 ou mais anos que procuraram tratamento no Curso de Odontologia da UniEVANGÉLICA. Foram examinados 140 pacientes. Para a análise da necessidade de tratamento periodontal, foi utilizado o Índice PSR modificado. A recessão gengival foi medida em milímetros, e foi calculado o Índice de Cárie Radicular (superfícies radiculares cariadas ou restauradas/total de superfícies radiculares expostas x 100%). Observou-se diminuição do número médio de dentes remanescentes (40-49 anos: 20,1; 70 anos ou mais: 12,3); aumento da extensão e severidade das recessões gengivais (40-49 anos: 56,01% e 1,74 mm; 70 anos ou mais: 91,89% e 3,72 mm, respectivamente) e aumento no Índice de Cárie Radicular (40-49 anos: 5,4%; 70 anos ou mais: 10%) em função da idade. Entretanto, a necessidade de tratamento periodontal (PSR graus 3 e 4 verdadeiros) foi maior nos grupos de faixa etária mais baixa. Concluiu-se que, com a progressão da idade, houve redução da necessidade de tratamento periodontal e aumento no Índice de Cárie Radicular.

Palavras-chave

Cavidade dentária/epidemiologia, periodontite/epidemiologia, envelhecimento

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the periodontal treatment needs and the Root Caries Index (RCI) from 40 years old or elder patients of UniEVANGELICA School of Dentistry. 140 dentated patients were examined. For Periodontal Treatment Needs evaluation it was used a modified Periodontal Screening and Recording (PSR) index. Gingival recession was measured in millimeters and the Root Caries Index was calculated (decayed or filled root surfaces/total exposed root surfaces x 100%). It was observed a reduction in remaining teeth (40-49 years old: 20.1; 70 years old or older: 12.3); increased severity and extension of gingival recession (40-49 years old: 56,01% and 1.74 mm; 70 years old or older: 91.89% and 3.72 mm, respectively) and increased Root Caries Index (40-49 years old: 5.4%; 70 years old or older: 10%) related to aging. However, the Periodontal Treatment Needs (true 3 and 4 PSR scores) were higher at low age patients. It was concluded that, with aging, there were less Periodontal Treatment Needs, while the Root Caries Index increased.

Keywords

Dental cavity/epidemiology, periodontitis/epidemiology, aging

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