Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
https://revodontolunesp.com.br/article/588017b17f8c9d0a098b485f
Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
Original Article

Uso dos inibidores seletivos da COX-2 na odontologia

Use of the COX-2 specific inhibitor in dentistry

Garcia Júnior, I.R.; Gaujac, C.; Gealh, W.C.; Magro Filho, O.; Hochuli Vieira, E.

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Resumo

Os analgésicos e os antiinflamatórios não esteroidais (AINES) estão entre os fármacos mais utilizados pela população. O uso desses medicamentos de forma crônica e aguda provoca alguns efeitos indesejáveis, como distúrbios gastrintestinais, lesões cutâneas, efeitos renais adversos e outros efeitos colaterais. Assim, as indústrias farmacêuticas passaram a desenvolver agentes analgésicos e antiinflamatórios que apresentem seletividade pela inibição da COX-2, os conhecidos coxibs, a fim de que se consiga efetividade clínica dos AINES com reduzidos riscos de efeitos gastrintestinais e outros colaterais, porém essas drogas vêm apresentando alguns outros efeitos adversos como alterações cardíacas o que limitaria o seu uso, demonstrando que não se justifica, portanto, o uso dos coxibs no exercício regular da odontologia, a não ser naqueles pacientes com história médica comprovada de distúrbio gastrintestinal.

Palavras-chave

Odontologia, antiinflamatórios, efeitos adversos.

Abstract

The non steroids anti inflammatory and analgesic medicines are among the most used medicines by population. The use of these medicines in a chronic and acute way promotes some undesirable effects such as gastro intestinal disturbs, skin lesions, adverse kidney effects and other side effects. So the pharmaceutical industries started developing analgesic and anti inflammatory agents presenting selectivity for the COX-2 inhibition, the so called coxibs, in order to achieve the clinical effectiveness with reduced risks of gastro intestinal effects and other side effects. But these drugs have presented some other adverse effects such as cardiac alterations which may limit their use demonstrating that the coxib use on the regular basis in dentistry is not justified with the exception of patients with medical history of confirmed gastrointestinal disturbs.

Keywords

Dentistry, anti-inflammatory agents, adverse effects

References



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