Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
ISSN 1807-2577 (Eletrônico)
Artigo Original

Soft tissue behavior around dental implants placed in fresh extraction sockets and immediately restored in esthetic area: a preliminary short-term evaluation

Comportamento dos tecidos moles ao redor de implantes instalados em alvéolos frescos e imediatamente restaurados em área estética: uma avaliação preliminar a curto-prazo

Ronaldo Antonio Brescovitt, Geninho Thomé, Ana Claúdia Moreira Melo, Ricarda Duarte da Silva

Abstract

Objective: To assess the behavior of the peri-implant soft margin after immediate implant placement with immediate function, by (1) direct clinical measurements of peri-implant soft margin height and thickness, (2) measurements of peri-implant soft margin height on photographs and (3) the perception of dental professionals regarding the results considering esthetic parameters. Material and method: The study included 8 patients with central or lateral incisors indicated to be extracted. Direct measurements of peri-implant soft margin height and thickness were done immediately before extraction (T0) and 1 (T1), 4 (T2), 8 (T3) and 12 (T4) months after the flapless insertion of the implant. Photographs were taken at the same time intervals. A questionnaire was filled in by implantology professionals regarding their visual perception of color and peri-implant soft margin architecture and harmony in the implant region using the photographs obtained at T4. Result: The clinical results showed significant changes to the height of the peri-implant soft margin, but the photographic results did not show significant changes for this measurement. The thickness of the attached gingiva was maintained during all the observation period. Of the professionals interviewed, 35.2% noticed an altered peri-implant soft margin color of the implant region, 39.8% noticed a change in the peri-implant soft margin architecture and 12.5% noticed a change in the peri-implant soft margin harmony. Conclusion: The soft tissues around immediate implants changed during this period, but did not affect the aesthetic outcome and in the opinion of professionals, the aesthetic results were satisfactory for these cases.

Keywords

Dental implants; maxilla; esthetics.

Resumo

Objetivo: Avaliar o comportamento do tecido gengival após a instalação de implantes imediatos em função imediata, por meio de (1) medidas clínicas diretas de altura e espessura da margem de tecido mole peri-implantar, (2) medidas de altura gengival em fotografias, e (3) percepção de profissionais da área de odontologia em relação a parâmetros estéticos. Material e método: O estudo incluiu 8 pacientes com incisivo central ou lateral indicados para extração. Medidas diretas de altura e espessura da margem de tecido mole peri-implantar foram realizadas imediatamente antes da extração (T0) e 1 (T1), 4 (T2), 8 (T3) e 12 (T4) meses após a instalação de implante sem abertura de retalho. Fotografias foram tiradas nos mesmos tempos. Um questionário foi respondido por Implantodontistas em relação à percepção visual dos mesmos sobre coloração, arquitetura da margem de tecido mole peri-implantar e harmonia na região do implante usando fotografias obtidas no T4. Resultado: Os resultados clínicos mostraram alterações significantes na altura da margem de tecido mole peri-implantar, mas nas fotografias não foi observada diferença estatisticamente significante para essa mesma medida. A espessura da gengiva inserida se manteve durante todo o período de observação. Dos profissionais entrevistados, 35,2% observaram coloração alterada na região do implante, 39,8% identificaram alteração na arquitetura da margem de tecido mole peri-implantar e 12,5% alteração na harmonia da margem de tecido mole peri-implantar. Conclusão: Os tecidos moles ao redor de implantes imediatos sofreram alterações durante o período estudado, mas não afetaram o resultado estético e na opinião dos profissionais os resultados foram satisfatórios.

Palavras-chave

Implantes dentários; maxila; estética.

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