Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
ISSN 1807-2577 (Eletrônico)
Artigo Original

Avaliação da rugosidade superficial e análise morfológica de cimentos de ionômero de vidro: influência do armazenamento em saliva artificial

Evaluation of surface roughness and morphological analysis of glass ionomer cements: influence of storage in artificial saliva

Renally Bezerra Wanderley e LIMA; Julyana de Araújo OLIVEIRA; Laís César de VASCONCELOS; Ana Karina Maciel ANDRADE; Rosângela Marques DUARTE

Resumo

Resumo: Introdução: O desenvolvimento dos cimentos de ionômero de vidro (CIVs) proporcionou vantagens aos procedimentos restauradores diretos devido a suas propriedades, como adesão química à estrutura dentária e liberação de flúor. No entanto, o ambiente bucal pode promover condições capazes de alterar a superfície deste material.

Objetivo: Avaliar a rugosidade superficial e a morfologia de superfície de quatro cimentos de ionômero de vidro (Ketac Molar Easy Mix, Vitremer, Vitro Molar e Maxxion), quando imersos em diferentes soluções de saliva artificial.

Material e método: Dez amostras de cada material foram confeccionadas e a rugosidade superficial foi avaliada antes e após imersão em saliva artificial ácida e neutra, durante 28 dias, por meio de um rugosímetro (Surftest SJ - 40), e a análise morfológica deu-se através de microscopia eletrônica de varredura. Os valores médios de rugosidade foram submetidos aos testes de Kruskal-Wallis e de Wilcoxon, além do teste de Mann Whitney, com nível de significância de 5%.

Resultado: Os valores de rugosidade foram maiores estatisticamente após a imersão em saliva ácida e neutra para todos os materiais, exceto o Vitromolar, que não apresentou diferença estatística entre as médias de rugosidade antes e após imersão em saliva neutra. O Maxxion R apresentou estatisticamente maiores valores de rugosidade quando comparado aos outros materiais após imersão em saliva neutra e ácida.

Conclusão: A rugosidade superficial dos cimentos de ionômero de vidro aumentou após imersão em saliva neutra e ácida para a maioria dos cimentos estudados. A solução de armazenagem ácida promoveu aumento da rugosidade superficial para o Maxxion R e o Vitro Molar.

Palavras-chave

Cimentos de ionômeros de vidro, propriedades de superfície, saliva

Abstract

Abstract: Introducion: The development of glass ionomer cements brought advantages to direct restorative procedures due to properties such as chemical adhesion to dental structure and fluoride release. Nevertheless, oral environment may provide conditions which can alter material surface.

Objective: To evaluate surface roughness and surface morphology of four glass ionomer cements (Ketac Molar Easy Mix, Vitremer, Vitro Molar e Maxxion) when immersing on different artificial saliva.

Material and method: Ten specimens of each material were fabricated and surface roughness was measured before and after immersion on neutral and acid artificial saliva for 28 days using a rugosimeter (Surftest SJ–40) and microscopy analysis by scanning electron microscopy. Roughness data were analyzed statistically by Kruskal-Wallis test, Wilcoxon test and Mann Whitney test, at 5% significance level.

Result: Roughness values were statistically higher after immersion on neutral and acid artificial saliva for all materials, except for Vitromolar that did not presented no statistical difference between roughness values before and after immersion on neutral saliva. The Maxxion R presented statistically higher roughness values compared to all materials after immersion on neutral and acid artificial saliva.

Conclusion: The superficial roughness of glass ionomer cement increased after immersion on neutral and acid artificial saliva for most of the materials. Acid storage solution promoted a greater increase in surface roughness after immersion of the specimens for Maxxion and Vitro Molar.
 

Keywords

Glass ionomer cements, properties of surface, saliva

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