Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
ISSN 1807-2577 (Eletrônico)
Original Article

Mechanical properties of orthodontic wires on ceramic brackets associated with low friction ligatures

Propriedades mecânicas de fios ortodônticos em bráquetes cerâmicos associados com ligaduras de baixa fricção

Fernando KOIKE; Hiroshi MARUO; Rogério LACERDA-SANTOS; Matheus Melo PITHON; Orlando Motohiro TANAKA

Abstract

Abstract: Introduction: Few studies investigated the mechanical properties of orthodontic wires on ceramic brackets associated the ligatures.

Objective: This study aimed to compare the load-deflection of orthodontic wires with round section of 0.016” made of stainless steel (SS), nickel-titanium (NiTi) and glass fiber-reinforced polymer composite (GFRPC).

Material and method: Sixty specimens obtained from 10 sectioned pre-contoured arches (TP Orthodontics), were divided into 3 groups of 20 according to each type of material (1 esthetic-type wire and 2 not esthetic) and length of 50 mm. The methodology consisted of a 3-point bending test using esthetic ceramic brackets (INVU, TP Orthodontics, Edgewise, 0.022”x 0.025”) as points of support. The tensile tests were performed on a mechanical test machine, at a speed of 10 mm/min, deflection of 1 mm, 2 mm and 3 mm. Friedman’s Non Parametric Multiple comparisons test was used (P<0.05).

Result: The nickel-titanium wire presented smaller load/ deflection compared with stainless steel. GFRPC wires had lower strength values among all groups evaluated (P<.05). The steel wire showed permanent deformation after 3 mm deflection, NiTi wire demonstrated memory effect and the esthetic type had fractures with loss of strength.

Conclusion: It can be concluded that steel wires have high strength values, requiring the incorporation of loops and folds to reduce the load / deflection. NiTi and GFRPC wires produced low levels of force, however the esthetic wire was shown to fracture and break.

 

Keywords

Orthodontic wires, elastomers, dental materials

Resumo

Resumo: Introdução: Poucos estudos investigaram as propriedades mecânicas dos fios ortodônticos em bráquetes cerâmicos associados às ligaduras.

Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar a carga-deflexão de fios ortodônticos com seção redonda de 0,016” de aço inoxidável (AI), níquel-titânio (NiTi) e composto de polímero reforçado com fibra de vidro (CPRFV).

Material e método: Sessenta espécimes obtidos a partir de 10 arcos pré-contornos seccionados (TP Orthodontics), foram divididos em 3 grupos de 20 de acordo com cada tipo de material (1 fio estético e 2 não estético) e comprimento de 50 mm. A metodologia consistiu de um teste de flexão de 3 pontos usando bráquetes estéticos cerâmicos (INVU, TP Orthodontics, Edgewise, 0,022 “x 0,025”) como pontos de suporte. Os ensaios de tração foram realizados em uma máquina de ensaios mecânicos, a uma velocidade de 10 mm / min, deflexão de 1 mm, 2 mm e 3 mm. Utilizou-se o teste não-paramétrico de comparações múltiplas de Friedman (P <0,05).

Resultado: O fio de níquel-titânio apresentou menor carga / deflexão em relação ao aço inoxidável. Os fios CPRFV tiveram valores de resistência mais baixos entre todos os grupos avaliados (P <0,05). O fio de aço mostrou deformação permanente após deflexão de 3 mm, fio NiTi demonstrou efeito de memória e o tipo estético teve fraturas com perda de força.

Conclusão: Pode-se concluir que os fios de aço têm valores de resistência elevados, exigindo a incorporação de alças e dobras para reduzir a carga / deflexão. Os fios NiTi e CPRFV produziram baixos níveis de força, porém o fio estético mostrou-se fraturado e quebrado.

Palavras-chave

Fios ortodônticos, elastômeros, materiais odontológicos

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