Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
ISSN 1807-2577 (Eletrônico)
Artigo Original

Avaliação da satisfação de reabilitações com implantes zigomáticos

Satisfaction of rehabilitation with zygomatic implants

Mariana Schaffer BRACKMANN; Rodrigo VIEIRA; Paulo Domingos RIBEIRO JÚNIOR; Ivete Aparecida de Mattias SARTORI; Luis Eduardo Marques PADOVAN

Resumo

Resumo: Introdução: A reabilitação oral de pacientes com atrofia óssea maxilar representa um grande desafio por estes pacientes apresentarem comprometimento da qualidade de vida, dificuldades alimentares, complicações nutricionais, dificuldades sociais e emocionais. Propostas de reabilitações de maxilas mutiladas e/ou atróficas com próteses totais fixas implantossuportadas, utilizando implantes zigomáticos, foram relatadas.

Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o grau de satisfação dos pacientes reabilitados com implantes zigomáticos e convencionais, em função de carga imediata com prótese do tipo protocolo através de um estudo retrospectivo, por meio de questionário respondido pelos pacientes.

Material e método: Foram incluídos dezenove pacientes, tratados na clínica do Instituto Latino Americano de Pesquisa e Ensino Odontológico (ILAPEO) em Curitiba, PR (Brasil), entre dezembro de 2005 e junho de 2010. Os pacientes foram reabilitados com 41 implantes zigomáticos e 73 implantes convencionais, todos do tipo cone Morse. As próteses, tipo híbridas, foram instaladas em carga imediata.

Resultado: O índice de satisfação encontrado foi de 100%.

Conclusão: Pode-se concluir que esta técnica de reabilitação restabelece fatores primordiais ao ser humano como mastigação, fonética e estética. Os pacientes relataram satisfação com o resultado do tratamento, conseguindo desenvolver atividades sociais dentro da normalidade, elevando sua autoestima.

Palavras-chave

Implante dentário, arcada edêntula, zigoma

Abstract

Abstract: Introduction: Rehabilitation of patients with atrophic maxilla is challenging. Atrophic maxilla patients present compromised quality of life, impaired function, deficient nutrition, social and emotional difficulties. The rehabilitation of atrophic maxilla by zygomatic fixtures has been previously proposed.

Objective: This retrospective study evaluated the degree of satisfaction of patients rehabilitated by immediately loaded conventional and zygomatic fixtures supporting full-arch fixed dental prosthesis. A satisfaction questionnaire was used for patient assessment.

Material and method: Nineteen patients treated at the Latin American Institute for Dental Research and Education (ILAPEO) between December 2005 and June 2010 were evaluated. Patients were rehabilitated with 41 zygomatic implants and 73 conventional implants under immediate load.

Result: All assessed patients were completely satisfied with the provided rehabilitation.

Conclusion: It can be concluded that rehabilitation with zygomatic fixtures is capable of restoring function, phonetics, and esthetic for patients with atrophic maxilla. The patients were satisfied with the treatment outcomes and showed increased self-esteem after the rehabilitation.
 

Keywords

Dental implant, edentulous jaw, zygoma

Referências

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