Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
http://revodontolunesp.com.br/article/doi/10.1590/1807-2577.09118
Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
Original Article

Salivary arginase activity after mechanical-chemical therapy

Atividade de arginase salivar após tratamento mecânico-químico

Marcos Vinícius Moreira de CASTRO; Sheila Cavalca CORTELLI; Edson RODRIGUES; Alexsander de MORAES; Fernando Oliveira COSTA; Priscila de Macedo MAXIMO; José Roberto CORTELLI

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Abstract

Abstract: Introduction: Salivary components can be used as biomarkers for diagnosing and monitoring oral diseases. There is evidence that one potential biomarker, arginase, is associated with the inflammatory processes of periodontal disease, and its enzymatic activity is reduced according to the improvement in the clinical parameters after treatment.

Objective: The present study aimed to evaluate the salivary arginase activity in gingivitis and periodontitis patients treated with full-mouth mechanical procedures combined with the adjunctive use of essential oils or chlorhexidine mouthwash, respectively.

Material and method: Twenty-six gingivitis and 16 periodontitis patients received complete periodontal examinations at the baseline and 3 months after therapy, in which the periodontal probing depth, clinical attachment loss, plaque index, and gingival index measurements were taken. At these same appointments, the salivary total protein level and salivary arginase activity were also established via spectrophotometry.

Result: There were improvements in all of the clinical parameters (p < 0.05) evaluated from the baseline to 3 months in both groups. In addition, the salivary arginase activity and total protein levels were reduced after the gingivitis treatment.

Conclusion: Similar to the clinical results, both therapeutic protocols positively affected the salivary arginase activity; however, further studies are necessary to clarify its potential as a salivary biomarker for periodontal monitoring.

Keywords

Arginase, gingivitis, periodontitis, essential oils, chlorhexidine

Resumo

Resumo: Introdução: Componentes salivares podem ser usados como biomarcadores para diagnóstico e monitoramento de doenças orais. Há evidências de que um potencial biomarcador, arginase, está associado com os processos inflamatórios da doença periodontal, e após o tratamento sua atividade enzimática é reduzida em concordância com a melhora nos parâmetros clínicos.

Objetivo: O presente estudo objetivou avaliar a atividade da arginase salivar em pacientes com gengivite e periodontite tratados com procedimentos mecânicos em estágio único combinados ao uso coadjuvante de enxaguatórios com óleos essenciais ou clorexidina, respectivamente.

Material e método: Vinte e seis pacientes com gengivite e 16 pacientes com periodontite receberam exame periodontal completo antes e 3 meses após a terapia, em que mensurações de profundidade de sondagem, perda de inserção clínica, índice de placa e índice gengival foram realizadas. Nestas mesmas consultas os níveis de proteína total e a atividade de arginase salivar foram estabelecidos via espectrofotometria.

Resultado: Todos os parâmetros clínicos melhoraram, em ambos os grupos, do exame inicial para o de 3 meses (p < 0,05). Adicionalmente, após tratamento para gengivite houve redução da atividade de arginase salivar e do nível de proteína total.

Conclusão: Semelhante aos resultados clínicos, ambos os protocolos terapêuticos afetaram positivamente a atividade da arginase salivar; entretanto, estudos futuros são necessários para clarificar seu potencial como biomarcador salivar para o monitoramento periodontal.
 

Palavras-chave

Arginase, gengivite, periodontite, óleos essenciais, clorexidina

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