Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
http://revodontolunesp.com.br/article/doi/10.1590/1807-2577.05218
Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
Original Article

Mass change of a sodium bicarbonate air-polished nanocomposite exposed to cigarette smoke, coffee, and red wine

Perda de massa de nanocompósito jateado com bicarbonato de sódio e exposto à fumaça de cigarro, café e vinho tinto

Juliana de Almeida SOUZA; Lívia Andrade VITÓRIA; Andrea Nóbrega CAVALCANTI; Caroline MATHIAS; Paula MATHIAS

Abstract

Resumo: Introdução: As resinas compostas estão sujeitas à desafios na cavidade oral relacionados aos hábitos dos pacientes, que podem comprometer a integridade e longevidade das restaurações. As consequências da associação do consumo de bebidas e o uso de cigarros à profilaxia profissional precisam ser estudadas.

Objetivo: O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar como o jateamento com bicarbonato de sódio afeta a mudança de massa (sorção e solubilidade) de uma resina composta exposta à fumaça de cigarro, vinho tinto e café.

Material e método: Oitenta corpos-de-prova de resina composta (FiltekZ350 XT - 3M/ESPE) foram preparados e distribuídos em 8 grupos (n=10): G1 (jateamento + água destilada), G2 (jateamento + café), G3 (jateamento + vinho tinto), G4 (jateamento + fumaça de cigarro), G5 (água destilada), G6 (café), G7 (vinho tinto) e G8 (fumaça de cigarro). Os corpos-de-prova de resina composta foram pesados em três tempos diferentes para obter M1 (massa inicial), M2 (massa após 30 dias de armazenamento nas soluções testadas e exposição ao agente) e M3 (após dessecação). Os valores de sorção e solubilidade foram calculados e analisados usando ANOVA 2-fatores e teste Tukey (5%).

Resultado: Os grupos experimentais tiveram maior sorção e solubilidade comparado ao grupo controle, independentemente do uso do jateamento. Não houve diferença estatística na sorção para o fator jateamento. Porém, a solubilidade foi maior nos grupos jateados. Conclusão: O jateamento com bicarbonato de sódio foi capaz de intensificar a solubilidade da resina testada, embora não tenha aumentado significativamente os valores de sorção.

Keywords

Resinas compostas, bebidas, solubilidade

Resumo

Abstract: Introduction: Composite resins are subject to challenges in the oral cavity that are related to patients' habits, which can compromise the restorations’ integrity and longevity. Therefore, it is necessary to study how consuming beverages and smoking cigarettes affects professional prophylaxis.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate how the sodium bicarbonate air-polishing affects the mass change (sorption and solubility) of a composite resin exposed to cigarette smoke, red wine, or coffee solution.

Material and method: Eighty composite resin samples (FiltekZ350 XT - 3M/ESPE) were prepared and distributed into 8 groups (n=10): G1 (air-polishing + distilled water), G2 (air-polishing + coffee), G3 (air-polishing + red wine), G4 (air-polishing + cigarette smoke), G5 (distilled water), G6 (coffee), G7 (red wine), or G8 (cigarette smoke). The composite resin samples were weighed in triplicate to obtain M1 (initial mass), M2 (mass after 30 days of storage in the tested solutions), and M3 (after desiccation) values. The sorption and solubility values were calculated and analyzed using 2-way ANOVA and Tukey’s test (5%).

Result: The experimental groups had higher sorption and solubility values than the control groups, regardless of whether air-polishing was used. There was no statistically significant difference in the sorption between the air-polished and non-air-polished groups; however, the solubility was higher in the air-polished groups.

Conclusion: Air-polishing using sodium bicarbonate powder was able to intensify the solubility process of the tested resins but did not significantly increase the sorption values.
 

Palavras-chave

Composite resins, beverages, solubility

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