Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
ISSN 1807-2577 (Eletrônico)
Artigo Original

Ultramorphology of pre-treated adhesive interfaces between self-adhesive resin cement and tooth structures

Ultramorfologia de interfaces adesivas entre cimento resinoso auto-adesivo e estruturas dentárias pré-tratadas

Carolina Nemesio de Barros PEREIRA, Bruno DALEPRANE, Giovani Lana Peixoto de MIRANDA, Cláudia Silami de MAGALHÃES, Allyson Nogueira MOREIRA

Abstract

Introduction: Convencional resin cements can be used in combination with a total-etch system in a conventional mode or as self-adhesive resin cements. The latter are less technique sensitive and able to bond to dental tissues without previous treatment or adhesive layer and requires only a single step to be applied to dental structures. Objective: To compare qualitatively the adhesive interfaces of two self-adhesive resin cements and one conventional resin cement after different tooth surface treatments under scanning electron microscopy. Material and method: 42 crowns of bovine incisors were sectioned and flattened exposing enamel (E) or dentine (D) substrate. Subgroups were defined according to conditioning type and time: E1—no treatment, E2—37% phosphoric acid for 15 seconds, E3—37% phosphoric acid for 30 seconds; D1—no treatment, D2—37% phosphoric acid for 5 seconds; D3—11.5% polyacrylic acid for 15 seconds. A resin block was bonded to each substrate using the self-adhesive resin cements RelyX U100 (3M ESPE) and RelyX U200 (3M ESPE). As a reference hybrid layer, six resin blocks were luted with RelyX ARC and Scotchbond Multi-Purpose adhesive system (3M ESPE) (enamel—EA; dentine—DA). After aging for 7 days in a moist environment at 37±1°C, samples were prepared for microscopy analysis. Result and Discussion: In the ARC specimens, there was hybrid layer formation in both EA and DA. U100 E1 showed gaps at the adhesive interface, while E2 and E3 showed interaction for both self-adhesive cements. There was superficial interaction with bothU100 and U200 in D1, while in D2 and D3, resin tags were only observed in the case of U100. Conclusion: It was concluded that substrate conditioning may enhance the interaction between self-adhesive resin cements and dental tissues, although this is not the case for RelyX U200 and dentine.

Keywords

Dentin; dental etching; resin cement; scanning electron microscopy

Resumo

Introdução: Restaurações estéticas indiretas são preferencialmente cimentadas utilizando-se cimentos resinosos convencionais e sistema adesivo de condicionamento total ou cimentos resinosos autoadesivos. Estes últimos são tecnicamente menos sensíveis e aderem aos tecidos dentários sem tratamento prévio ou aplicação de adesivo, com um único passo para sua aplicação aos tecidos dentários. Objetivo: Comparar qualitativamente as interfaces adesivas de dois cimentos resinosos autoadesivos e um cimento resinoso convencional, sob microscopia eletrônica de varredura. Material e método: 42 coroas de incisivos bovinos foram seccionadas e as faces vestibulares planificadas expondo esmalte (E) ou dentina (D). Os subgrupos foram definidos de acordo com o tipo e tempo de condicionamento: E1-sem tratamento, E2-37% de ácido fosfórico por 15 segundos, E3-37% de ácido fosfórico por 30 segundos; D1-sem tratamento, D2-37% de ácido fosfórico durante 5 segundos; D3-11,5% de ácido poliacrílico durante 15 segundos. Um bloco de resina foi unido a cada substrato usando os cimentos resinosos autoadesivos RelyX U100 e RelyX U200 (3M ESPE) (n=3). Como referência de camada híbrida, foram cimentados seis blocos de resina com RelyX ARC e o sistema adesivo Scotchbond Multi-Purpose(esmalte-EA, dentina-DA). Após armazenamento (7 dias, umidade, 37±1°C), as amostras foram preparadas para análise microscópica. Resultado: Nos espécimes ARC, houve formação de camada híbrida em EA e DA. U100 E1 mostrou lacunas na interface adesiva, enquanto E2 e E3 apresentaram boa interação para ambos os cimentos autoadesivos. Houve interação superficial com U100 e U200 em D1, enquanto em D2 e D3, foram observadas tags de resina apenas para U100. Conclusão: Concluiu-se que o condicionamento do substrato pode aumentar a interação entre cimentos resinosos autoadesivos e os tecidos dentários, embora este não seja o caso do RelyX U200 e da dentina.

Palavras-chave

Dentina; condicionamento dentário; cimento resinoso; microscopia eletrônica de varredura.

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