Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
ISSN 1807-2577 (Eletrônico)
Artigo Original

Efeito do desafio ácido nas propriedades superficiais das camadas externa e interna de dentes acrílicos reforçados

Effect of acid challenge on the surface properties of external and internal layers of cross-linked acrylic teeth

Pedro César Garcia de OLIVEIRA, Mariana Pisinato FERREIRA, Alcides Oliveira de MELO, Andréa Lemos Falcão PROCÓPIO, Carolina Yoshi Campos SUGIO, Karin Hermana NEPPELENBROEK

Abstract

Introduction: Artificial acrylic teeth must be resistant to acids for ensure the maintenance of their properties throughout their useful life. However, there are no studies available in the literature about the surface properties of hardness and roughness of the different layers of acrylic resin that make up the artificial teeth submitted to simulated erosion tests. Objective: To evaluate the surface hardness and roughness of external and internal layers of artificial cross-linked acrylic teeth submitted to acid challenge. Methodology: First molars (SR Postaris and Trilux) transversely sectioned had its Vickers hardness and roughness initially evaluated. These tests were repeated after half of the tooth samples (n=10) be immersed into distilled water (control) and half in vinegar during 15 min/day for 28 days. Data were analyzed using 2-way ANOVA and Tukey’s test (α=0.05). Result: The initial external layers hardness of both was not significantly altered by acid challenge (p> 0.05) and the immersion in vinegar caused no deleterious effect on the initial internal layers hardness of the two tested teeth (p>0.05). After 28 days, the initial roughness of both teeth evaluated for the two layers was not affected by water or vinegar (p>0.05). Conclusion: The reinforced acrylic teeth were resistant to acid challenge since its internal and external layers showed no significant change in hardness and surface roughness

Keywords

Tooth artificial; hardness; acetic acid; surface properties.

Resumo

Introdução: Os dentes acrílicos artificiais devem apresentar característica de resistência aos ácidos, a fim de assegurar a manutenção de suas propriedades, ao longo de sua vida útil. Entretanto, não há estudos disponíveis na literatura pertinente sobre as propriedades superficiais de dureza e rugosidade das diferentes camadas de resina acrílica que compõem os dentes artificiais submetidos a ensaios de erosão simulada. Objetivo: Avaliar a dureza e rugosidade superficiais das camadas externa e interna de dentes artificiais acrílicos reforçados submetidos a desafio ácido. Metodologia: Molares (SR Postaris e Trilux) seccionados transversalmente foram avaliados inicialmente quanto à dureza Vickers e rugosidade. Esses ensaios foram repetidos após metade das amostras de cada tipo de dente (n=10) ser imersa em água destilada (controle) e outra metade em vinagre durante 15 min/dia por 28 dias. Os resultados foram analisados por ANOVA 2-critérios e teste de Tukey (α=0,05). Resultado: A dureza inicial da camada externa dos dois diferentes tipos de dente não sofreu alteração significativa pelo desafio ácido (p>0,05) e a imersão em vinagre não causou efeito deletério à dureza inicial da camada interna dos dois tipos de dentes avaliados (p>0,05). Após 28 dias, a rugosidade inicial de ambos os tipos de dentes estudados, para as duas camadas, não foi alterada com água ou vinagre (p>0,05). Conclusão: Os dentes acrílicos reforçados foram resistentes ao desafio ácido uma vez que suas camadas interna e externa não apresentaram alteração significativa de dureza e rugosidade superficiais.

Palavras-chave

Dente artificial; dureza; ácido acético; propriedades de superfície.

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