Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
ISSN 1807-2577 (Eletrônico)
Artigo Original

Influence of elastic modulus of intraradicular posts on the fracture load of roots restored with full crowns

Influência do modulo de elasticidade de retentores intrarradiculares na carga para fratura de raízes restauradas com coroas totais

Ana Maria Estivalete Marchionatti, Veronica Valli, Vinícius Felipe Wandscher, Carlo Monaco, Paolo Baldissara

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the fracture load and displacement of roots restored with posts of different elastic modulus. Material and method: Thirty-six replicas of epoxy resin mixed with glass microfibers were made from an endodontically-treated human premolar root prepared to a length of 12 mm with a custom drill, leaving the apical 4 mm unprepared. Replicas were randomly restored with (n = 12): FP-LM (fiber post with low elastic modulus– 50 GPa), FP-HM (fiber post with high elastic modulus – 67 GPa) and MP (metallic post – 208 GPa), using self-curing adhesive and dual resin cement. Cores were built up with composite resin and metallic crowns were cemented in all the roots with self-adhesive resin cement with self-curing mode. Specimens were subjected to a fracture load test (45° inclination/0.5 mm/min) and displacement was registered at 100 N. Result: One-way ANOVA showed that elastic modulus of the post did not affect the fracture load means (p = 0.203) (FP-LM: 237.4 ± 65.11 N; FP-HM: 236.7 ± 92.85 N; MP: 295.8 ± 108.7 N) but was statistically significant for the displacement (p < 0.00): Tukey’s test showed that FP-LM displacement mean (0.81 ± 0.15 mm) was significantly higher than those for FP-HM (0.46 ± 0.26 mm; p = 0.00) and MP (0.62 ± 0.07 mm; p = 0.04). Conclusion: Posts with different elastic modulus exhibit similar fracture loads, but a lower displacement is achieved when fiber posts with a high elastic modulus and metallic posts are used.

Keywords

Compressive strength; intraradicular posts; dental materials; dental prosthesis.

Resumo

Objetivo: Este trabalho avaliou a carga para fratura e deslocamento de raízes restauradas com pinos de diferentes módulos de elasticidade. Material e método: Trinta e seis réplicas de microfibras de vidro embutidas em resina epóxi foram fabricadas a partir de uma raiz de um pré-molar tratado endodonticamente preparado em 12 mm de comprimento com brocas customizadas, deixando 4 mm apicais sem preparo. As raízes foram randomicamente restauradas com (n = 12): FP-LM (pino de fibra com um baixo módulo de elasticidade – 50 GPa), FP-HM (pino de fibra com um alto módulo de elasticidade – 67 GPa) e MP (pinos metálicos – 208 GPa), usando adesivo autopolimerizável e cimento resinoso dual. Núcleos foram confeccionados com resina composta e coroas metálicas foram cimentadas em todas as raízes com cimento resinoso autoadesivo com modo de polimerização químico. Os espécimes foram submetidos ao teste de fratura em 45° (inclinação de 45° / 0,5 mm/min) e o deslocamento foi registrado aos 100 N. Resultado: Anova 1 fator mostrou que o módulo de elasticidade dos retentores não afetou as médias de fratura (p = 0,203) (FP-LM: 237,4 ± 65,11 N; FP-HM: 236,7 ± 92,85 N; MP: 295,8 ± 108,7 N) mas foi estatisticamente significante para o deslocamento (p < 0,00): o teste de Tukey mostrou que a média de deslocamento do grupo FP-LM (0,81 ± 0,15 mm) foi significativamente maior do que o grupo FP-HM (0,46 ± 0,26 mm; p = 0,00) e MP (0,62 ± 0,07 mm; p = 0,47). Conclusão: Pinos com diferentes módulos de elasticidade mostram resistência similar, porém um menor deslocamento é obtido quando pinos de fibra com alto módulo de elasticidade (FP-HM/MP) são usados.

Palavras-chave

Força compressive; retentores intrarradiculares; materiais dentários; prótese dentária.

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