Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
ISSN 1807-2577 (Eletrônico)
Artigo Original

Influence of different treatments of the ceramic surface and thermal cycling on the bond strength of brackets to ceramic

Influência de diferentes tratamentos de superfície da cerâmica e ciclagem térmica na resistência de união de bráquetes à cerâmica

Fernando Guerra SÁEZ; Ana Rosa COSTA; Adriana Simoni LUCATO; Ana Paula Terossi de GODOI; Lourenço CORRER-SOBRINHO; Silvia Amélia Scudeler VEDOVELLO

Abstract

Abstract: Objective: To evaluate in vitro the effect of different treatments of the ceramic surface and thermal cycling on the shear bond strength (SBS) of metallic brackets bonded to feldspathic ceramic.

Material and method: Ceramic cylinders were divided into four groups (n=4) according to the treatment of ceramic surface: G1-Clearfil Ceramic Primer silane and Transbond XT (CCPT); G2-etched with 10% hydrofluoric acid (HFA) for 60 s, CCP and Transbond XT (ACCPT); G3-etched with 10% HFA for 60 s, Ambar Adhesive and Transbond XT (AAAT); and, G4 - etched with 10% HFA for 60 s, RelyX Ceramic Primer silane -RCP, adhesive primer Transbond and Transbond XT (ACPPT). Brackets were bonded to the cylinders with Transbond XT and light-activated for 40 s with LED Radii Plus. All specimens were stored in deionized water at 37 °C for 24 h, and two cylinders from each group were subject to 7,000 thermal cycles in a thermal cycler (5 °C/55 °C). After storage and thermal cycling, the SBS test was performed at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min. Data were subjected to two-way ANOVA and Tukey’s post hoc test (α=0.05).

Result: The SBS of ACCPT was significantly higher than the other groups (p<0.05). The specimens submitted to thermal cycling showed significantly lower SBS than those without thermal cycling (p<0.05), regardless the ceramic surface treatment. The ARI showed predominance of score 0 for all groups.

Conclusion: Acid etching, CCP silane and Transbond XT method obtained the best results for bracket bonding. Thermal cycling reduced SBS for all groups. Score 0 was predominant for ARI in all groups.

Keywords

Shear strength, orthodontic brackets, silane, adhesive, ceramic

Resumo

Resumo: Objetivo: Avaliar in vitro o efeito de diferentes tratamentos de superfície da cerâmica e ciclagem térmica na resistência da união ao cisalhamento (RUC) de bráquetes metálicos colados na cerâmica felspática.

Material e método: Cilindros cerâmicos foram separados em 4 grupos (n=4) de acordo com os tratamentos da superfície da cerâmica: G1-Clearfil Ceramic Primer silano e Transbond XT (CCPT); G-condicionamento com ácido hidrofluorídrico a 10% (AHF) por 60s, CCP e Transbond XT (ACCPT); G3-condicionamento com AHF a 10% por 60s, Adesivo Ambar e Transbond XT (AAAT); e, G4 condicionamento com AHF a 10% por 60s, RelyX Ceramic Primer silano, primer adesivo Transbond e Transbond XT (ACPAT). Os bráquetes foram fixados nos cilindros com Transbond XT e fotoativado por 40s com LED Radii Plus. Todas as amostras foram armazenadas em água deionizada a 37 °C por 24 h e dois cilindros de cada grupo foram submetidos a 7.000 ciclos térmicos na máquina para ciclagem térmica (5 °C/55 °C). Após armazenagem e ciclagem térmica, a RUC foi realizada à velocidade de 1 mm/min. Na Análise de Variância de 2 fatores e ao teste de Tukey’s post hoc test (α=0,05) a RUC do G2 foi significante maior do que dos demais grupos (p<0,05).

Resultado: As amostras submetidas à ciclagem térmica apresentaram valores de RUC significantemente menores do que as amostras sem ciclagem térmica (p<0,05), independente do tratamento de superfície da cerâmica.

Conclusão: Nas condições desse estudo o melhor resultado para colagem foi obtido com o condicionamento, silano CCP e Transbond XT. A ciclagem térmica reduziu a RUC em todos os grupos.
 

Palavras-chave

Resistência de união, bráquetes ortodônticos, silano, adesivo, cerâmica

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