Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
http://revodontolunesp.com.br/article/doi/10.1590/1807-2577.0067
Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
Original Article

Analysis of the mental foramen using cone beam computerized tomography

Análise do forame mentual em tomografias computadorizadas de feixe cônico

Saito, Kunihiro; Araújo, Ney Soares de; Saito, Miki Taketomi; Pinheiro, João de Jesus Viana; Carvalho, Pedro Luiz de

Abstract

Introduction: Knowledge of the anatomical structures located in the region between the mental foramina is of critical importance in pre-operative planning. Objective: To evaluate the position of the mental foramen relative to the apices of the teeth and the distance to the edges of the mandible, using cone beam computerized tomography. Material and method: One hundred cone beam computerized tomographs of the mandible were evaluated; the tomographs were taken using a single tomographic device. Each image chosen was evaluated repeatedly from both sides of the mandible, the position of the mental foramen, indicating the region in which the foramen was found and the measures of the mental foramen, the lingual cortex and the mandibular base. Initially, the data were analyzed descriptively. A value of p<0.05 was chosen as the level of significance. Result: Forty-two percent of the mental foramina were located in the apex of the second pre-molar. The lingual margin of the mental foramen was located, on average, 3.1mm from the lingual cortex. The lower margin of the mental foramen was located 7.25 mm above the lower edge of the mandible. Conclusion: The mental foramen was located more frequently at a level of the apices of the second pre-molars, with a distance to the lingual cortex, on average, of 3.1mm and to the base of the mandible, on average, of 7.25 mm.

Keywords

Mandibular nerve, mandible, cone-beam computed tomography

Resumo

Introdução: O conhecimento das estruturas anatômicas localizadas na região entre os forames mentuais é de importância crucial nos planejamento pré-operatórios. Objetivo: Avaliar a posição do forame mentual relacionado aos ápices dos dentes, sua distância aos bordos da mandíbula com uso da tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico. Material e método: Foram avaliadas 100 tomografias computadorizadas de feixe cônico da mandíbula realizada num único aparelho de tomografia. Cada imagem escolhida foi avaliada de forma repetida para ambos os lados da mandíbula, a posição do forame mentual, indicando a região em que o forame se encontrava e as medidas do forame mentual a cortical lingual e base da mandíbula. Os dados foram analisados inicialmente de forma descritiva. Um valor de p<0,05 foi escolhido como o nível de significância. Resultado: 42% dos forames mentuais estavam localizados no ápice do segundo pré-molar. A margem lingual do forame mentual localizou-se em média de 3,1 mm a partir da cortical lingual. A margem inferior do forame mentual foi localizada 7,25 mm acima da borda inferior da mandíbula. Conclusão: O forame mentual localizou-se com maior frequência em nível dos ápices dos segundos pré-molares, com distância à cortical lingual, em média, de 3,1 mm e base da mandíbula, em média, de 7,25 mm.

Palavras-chave

Nervo mandibular, mandíbula, tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico.

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