Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
http://revodontolunesp.com.br/article/588018897f8c9d0a098b4cbd
Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
Original Article

Determinação dos períodos de secagem e sorção de água em resina acrílica para base protética: aplicabilidade de um método de análise da porosidade

Determination of the drying and water sorption periods of denture base resins in order to apply a method for analyzing porosity

Pero, A.C.; Marra, J.; Paleari, A.G.; Rodriguez, L.S.; Jordão, K.C.F.; Compagnoni, M.A.

Resumo

O estudo da porosidade em resina acrílica para base protética tem sido realizado por meio de diversos métodos, entre os quais o método que associa a porosidade com a sorção de água pela resina acrílica, tendo como base o Princípio de Arquimedes. A determinação do momento exato da pesagem do espécime para a avaliação da porosidade é necessária na aplicabilidade desta metodologia. O objetivo do presente estudo consiste em determinar o tempo mínimo necessário para que ocorra a estabilização da massa do espécime de resina acrílica durante os períodos de secagem e sorção de água, em função do tipo de resina (Acron MC e Clássico), da solução de armazenamento (soluções de cloreto de cálcio anidro a 25, 50, 75% e água destilada pura) e do formato do espécime (retangular e base protética maxilar). Os espécimes foram submetidos às etapas de secagem e sorção nas diferentes soluções e pesados a cada 24 horas. A partir do momento em que a estabilização das massas foi alcançada, um período três vezes maior foi aguardado, seguindo-se as pesagens, para confirmação desse período de estabilidade. Os dados foram descritos por meio de curvas temporais de secagem e sorção de água dos espécimes. Os resultados sugerem que os períodos de secagem e sorção de água não sofreram influência do tipo de resina acrílica e da solução de armazenamento. Apenas o formato do espécime interferiu na determinação desses períodos: para o formato retangular, o período de secagem foi de 20 dias e o período de sorção de água, 30 dias; para a base protética maxilar, esses períodos foram de 30 e 40 dias, respectivamente.

Palavras-chave

Porosidade, resinas acrílicas, prótese total

Abstract

Various methods have been used to study the porosity of denture base resin, among them the method that associates porosity with water sorption by the acrylic resin, based on the Archimedes Principle. When applying this method for evaluating porosity, it is necessary to determine the exact moment of weighing the specimen. The aim of this study was to determine the minimum time necessary for stabilization of the acrylic resin mass of the specimen to occur, during the periods of drying and water sorption, as a function of the type of acrylic resin (Acron MC and Clássico), the storage solution (25, 50, 75% anhydrous calcium chloride solutions and pure distilled water) and specimen shape (rectangular and maxillary denture base). The specimens were submitted to the drying and sorption stages in the different solutions, and weighed every 24 hours. From the time when stabilization of the masses was reached, a three times longer period was waited, during which weighing continued, to confirm this period of stability. The data were described by means of temporal drying and water sorption curves of the specimens. The results suggested that the period of drying and water sorption were not influenced by the type of acrylic resin and storage solution. Only the shape of specimens interfered in the determination of these periods. For the rectangular shape, the drying period was 20, and 30 days for water sorption. For the maxillary denture base these periods were 30 and 40 days respectively.

Keywords

Porosity, acrylic resins, complete denture

References



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