Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
ISSN 1807-2577 (Eletrônico)
Artigo Original

Enterococcus faecalis: considerações clínicas e microbiológicas

Enterococcus faecalis: clinical and microbiological considerations

Paradella, T.C.; Koga Ito, C.Y.; Jorge, A.O.C.

Resumo

O gênero Enterococcus abrange diversas espécies, incluindo E. faecalis, que participam de diversas doenças na cavidade bucal, tais como cárie, infecções endodônticas recorrentes e periodontites apicais. O objetivo deste artigo foi descrever as principais características microbiológicas do gênero Enterococcus, relacionando-as com patologias clínicas endodônticas e periapicais. Após descrição das espécies mais patogênicas do gênero Enterococcus, concluiu-se que os fatores de virulência determinam sua elevada patogenicidade, o que se traduz em condições clínicas pouco favoráveis e persistência das infecções endodônticas, mesmo quando o retratamento é instituído.

Palavras-chave

Enterococcus faecalis, endodontia, periodontia

Abstract

Enterococcus genus gathers species, including E. faecalis, which has participation in oral pathologies, such as caries, recurrent endodontic infections and apical periodontites. The purpose of this article was to describe the main microbiologic characteristics of the Enterococcus genus, relating them to clinical endodontic and periapical pathologies. After description of the most pathogenic species of the Enterococcus gender, it was concluded that its virulence factors determine the great pathogenesis of this gender, which relates to the poor prognosis clinical conditions and persistency of endodontic infections, even when re-treatment is established.

Keywords

Enterococcus faecalis, endodontics, periodontics

Referências



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