Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
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Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
Original Article

Conhecimento sobre Cárie e Doença Periodontal: Avaliação de Adolescentes Pertencentes à Rede Privada de Ensino

Awareness of caries and periodontal disease: evaluation of adolescents from the private school system

Pinto, L.R.; Bonan, R.F.; Garcia, P.P.N.S.

Resumo

O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o conhecimento de adolescentes pertencentes à uma escola da rede privada de ensino sobre cárie dental e doença periodontal. Por isso foram selecionados 263 indivíduos, de ambos os sexos, de 10 a 14 anos de idade, matriculados nas 5a a 8 ª séries em uma escola particular da cidade de Araraquara-SP. O instrumento de análise selecionado foi um questionário aplicado em sala de aula por um cirurgião-dentista devidamente treinado. Observou-se que o cirurgião-dentista foi a principal fonte de informações sobre a cárie dental e doença periodontal (69,2%), tendo a família (4,9%) e a escola (6,8%) também sido mencionadas. Com relação à cárie dental, 19,1% dos adolescentes avaliados responderam não possuir conhecimento a seu respeito, 55,5% referiram-se inadequadamente à cárie como sendo bactérias ou microorganismos e apenas 3,8% souberam explicá-la adequadamente. Quanto à doença periodontal, 69,6% não souberam defini-la, e apenas 7,2% o fizeram de maneira correta. De acordo com a metodologia aplicada, conclui-se que, embora os adolescentes tenham como fonte de transmissão de conhecimentos o cirurgião-dentista, o seu conhecimento sobre cárie dental e doença periodontal é deficiente, sugerindo que também esse público deva ser alvo de campanhas educativas.

Palavras-chave

Conhecimento, cárie dentária, higiene oral.

Abstract

This study evaluated the dental awareness of 263 girls and boys (aged 10 to 14) attending a private school in Araraquara, SP, Brazil. The analytical tool was a questionnaire given to the adolescents to fill out in the classroom under the supervision of a trained dentist. It was found that dentists are the main source of information about dental caries and periodontal disease (69.2%), although the family (4.9%) and school (6.8%) were also cited as sources. With regard to dental caries, 19.1% of the adolescents who answered the questionnaire stated they knew nothing about the subject, while 55.5% displayed incorrect knowledge, believing caries involve bacteria and microorganisms, and only 3% were able to give a correct explanation about caries. As for periodontal disease, 69.6% of the students could not give a definition and only 7.2% defined it correctly. Based on these findings, it was concluded that, although the main source of oral health information for children attending private schools is the dentist, their knowledge about oral health is poor, suggesting that this public should also be a target of educational campaigns.

Keywords

Knowledge, dental caries, oral hygiene

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